For me at least, this is one of those biblical texts that cannot be read without hearing music. In the midst of puzzling over the visions and sayings of Zechariah, it comes as a refreshing surprise to find the words of our lectionary text for today. With Zechariah , I hear a soprano somewhere singing that melody, “Rejoice, rejoice, rejoi-oi-oi-oi-oice greatly! The great composer’s instincts were correct. This is one of those Old Testament texts properly classified as “messianic. The Royal Psalms as Seedbed for Messianic Hope We may recall that the seedbed for messianic hope in the Old Testament was the royal psalms, that is, psalms that played a role in the life of the king. These psalms originated and originally functioned during the time of the monarchy, from David B. They include psalms for a royal wedding 45 , an inauguration 2, 72, , , and other occasions the list also includes 18, 20, 21 89, , These psalms speak of the king in extravagant language, declaring that he will be victorious and rule over the nations of the earth ; ,19 with justice and righteousness and with special concern for the poor and powerless ,
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Date of the Second Zechariah. —Biblical Data: Prophetical book composed of fourteen chapters; the.
Create a free account or login now to enjoy the full benefits of Enter the Bible:. To our secular society, which sees only what is immediately visible, Zechariah presents visions of sweeping breadth. The cosmos reaches from God and the angels to Satan, the accuser. The view of time stretches from the early days of Israel’s history to a magnificent future where the Lord will rule through a righteous king. Yahweh is not only the God of Israel, but the God of all the earth.
Zechariah is the thirty-eighth and next to last book of the Protestant Old Testament. It is the eleventh of the twelve “minor prophets” or shorter prophets , following Haggai, Zechariah’s contemporary, and preceding Malachi. The author identifies himself in the first verse as “the prophet Zechariah, son of Berechiah son of Iddo. Zechariah may have been a boy when his family returned to Jerusalem. Chapters are probably by a different author, sometimes called “Deutero-Zechariah” or “Second Zechariah.
Mentally Dating Zech Canvas Print
Book of Zechariah. Go To Jechariah Index. Title: The universal tradition of both Jews and Christians endorses the prophet Zechariah as author. Nor should Zechariah the prophet be confused with any of the 28 other men in the Old Testament who bore this name. Zechariah the prophet was probably born in Babylon during the year Babylonian captivity.
His coming to Jerusalem is recorded in Nehemiah ; , and his ministry is mentioned in Ezra ;
The historical context of the book is identical to that of Haggai. The first eight chapters of Zechariah contain date references ranging from October.
This construction appears regularly throughout the books of Jeremiah and Ezekiel and is used regularly in Zechariah 1—8, not only in the introductory formulae of , 7; , but also in ; , 8; , 18 see commentary on b-7, and for implications of this evidence for redaction see the Introduction. In Hag. First, by providing historical information, the writer signals to the reader the importance of this particular context for understanding the words delivered by the prophet and the response elicited from the people.
Of the three dates provided in the book of Zechariah, however, this initial one is the most imprecise, lacking a particular day and providing only the number of the month rather than the number and name of the month cf. The lack of a day formula may merely be due to the constraints of the source from which this message was drawn. While the year to which this prophetic section is dated is clear in Darius Year 2 , there has been some debate over which regnal dating system was employed.
Throughout the imperial age in the ancient Near East one can discern three different regnal dating systems and two different calendric systems. London: Equinox, ; cf. The regnal dating systems included:. In addition, there were two different calendric systems, one in which the New Year began in the spring and one in which the New Year began in the autumn. Knowing which system was in view by the one s responsible for the dates in Zechariah 1—8 is important, since each system indicates a different date.
Evidence for regnal dating systems from the ancient world reveals that the postdating system was used by the Assyrians, by the Neo-Babylonians, and by the Persians and Greek Seleucids in their western provinces; the antedating system was used by the Greek Ptolemies Egyptian context ; and the absolute dating system was used by the Macedonians foundational territory of the Greek Empire and perhaps by the Persians.
Old Testament: Zechariah
Skip to main content. Ellison, Men Spake from God , 2nd edn.. Exeter: Paternoster Press, ISBN:
Date of Writing: The Book of Zechariah was likely written in two primary segments, between and B.C.. Purpose of Writing: Zechariah.
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below. Link to institutional repository. This thesis employs a historical-critical approach to explore the theme of ‘the Gentiles’ in Zechariah’s vision reports. Chapter 1 introduces the aim and methodology and the four texts to be studied, viz. Zech , , and 15a [Eng.
It provides a literature review, a proposal, namely that YHWH’s attitude toward the Gentiles in Zechariah’s vision reports is coherent throughout, describes the structure of the thesis, and gives an explanation of terminology. Chapter 2 investigates the literary and historical contexts of the relevant texts. It argues that the series of vision reports Zech is a compositional unity.
The oracular material is as integral as the visionary material and so both forms of material may be examined for evidence of the meaning of the four texts. This chapter also explores the international situation in the ancient Near East around the date, the integral character of which is supported, in Zech Nebuchadnezzar’s army of Chaldean tribes Zech ; and and Gentiles in general Zech a.
This division explains the different views of the Gentiles in the abovementioned four texts. Chapter 4 argues that the message concerning YHWH’s attitude toward the Gentiles in the four texts is coherent and would have been relevant to the contemporary Judahites in sixth-century Yehud.
The Theology of the Books of Haggai and Zechariah (Old Testament Theology)
Mitchell, Hinckley G. Powis Smith, and Julius A. London: Bloomsbury Publishing UK , International Critical Commentary.
III. DATE: B.C. until later in Zechariah’s ministry (end of the sixth century B.C.). A. The dates for the three messages in chapters 1.
Prophetical book composed of fourteen chapters; the eleventh in the order of the Minor Prophets, following Haggai and preceding Malachi. Inspection of its contents shows immediately that the book readily divides into two parts; namely, i. In the first part Israel is the object of solicitude; and to encourage it to proceed with the rearing of the Temple and to secure the recognition of Zerubbabel and Joshua are the purposes of the prophecy. Visions, which are described and construed so as to indicate Yhwh ‘s approval of the prophet’s anxiety, predominate as the mediums of the prophetic message, and the lesson is fortified by appeals to Israel’s past history, while stress is laid on righteousness versus ritualism.
The date is definitely assigned to the second year of King Darius Hystaspes. The historical background is the condition which confronted the Jews who first returned from the Exile see, however, Koster’s “Herstel von Israel,” Some event—according to Stade, the revolt of Smerdis; but more probably the second conquest of Babylon under Darius—seems to have inspired buoyant hopes in the otherwise despondent congregation in Jerusalem, thus raising their Messianic expectations Zech.
Angels and Satan are intermediaries and actors. In the second part the method is radically different. Apocalyptic visions are altogether lacking, and historical data and chronological material are absent.
Book of Zechariah , also spelled Zacharias , the 11th of 12 Old Testament books that bear the names of the Minor Prophets , collected in the Jewish canon in one book, The Twelve. Only chapters 1—8 contain the prophecies of Zechariah; chapters 9—14 must be attributed to at least two other, unknown authors. According to dates mentioned in chapters 1—8, Zechariah was active from to bc. Unlike Haggai, however, Zechariah thought that the rebuilding of the Temple was the necessary prelude to the eschatological age, the arrival of which was imminent.
Deutero- and Trito-Zechariah, each of which has an introduction setting it apart from the rest and , are separate collections of sayings usually dated to the 4th and 3rd centuries bc , respectively.
Several articles on the Bible Book of Zechariah, Zacharias, Zachariah. eight chapters of the book, which date from to BC, were written by Zechariah.
But Wellhausen 1 is probably right in taking the word as a contraction for Hagariah “Yahweh hath girded” , just as Zaccai Zacchaeus is known to be a contraction of Zechariah. In the book of Zechariah Zerubbabel has already fallen into the background and the high priest is the leading figure of the Judean community. It was therefore natural that Haggai and Zechariah should urge the speedy building of the temple, in order that the great king might be fittingly received.
Zechariah was slain after six months by Shallum ben Jabesh in Ibleam; but the usurper fell a month later to Menahem, who only after much bloodshed established his posi tion. Their narratives can be partially supplemented from other sources Haggai; Zechariah i. The next historical notice is dated in the second year of Darius when two prophets, Haggai and Zechariah , came forward to kindle the Judaeans to new efforts, and in spite of opposition the work went steadily onwards, thanks to the favour of Darius, until the Temple was completed four years later Ezra v.
Greater weight must be laid upon the independent evidence of the prophetical writings, and the objection that Palestine could not have produced the religious fervency of Haggai or Zechariah without an initial impulse from Babylonia begs the question. Zechariah , in his turn, proclaims the overthrow of all difficulties in the path of the new king, who shall rule in glory supported by the priest Zech.
Nehemiah naturally gives us only his version, and the attitude of Haggai and Zechariah to Zerubbabel may illustrate the feeling of his partisans. Forty-two years before his day, under King Pontius Pilate, there had appeared the true prophet Yahya or John son of Zechariah , an incarnation of Hibil, of whose birth and childhood fantastic stories are told. In he undertook with other scholars a Theologisch-homiletisches Bibelwerk, to which he contributed commentaries on the first four books of the Pentateuch, Haggai, Zechariah , Malachi, Matthew, Mark, Revelation.
In this respect there is a close parallelism, extending to minor details, between Joel and the last chapters of Zechariah.
King James Bible Dictionary
By Carl Laney. Zechariah, written to encourage the remnant of Israel struggling to follow the Lord, looks ahead to the eventual triumph of God’s people and the coming of the Messiah. It contains many prophecies about Messiah, His life on earth, His millennial reign, and the salvation He would bring–so many in fact that it has been called the “Revelation of the Old Testament.
Date. From the superscription it is possible to date the beginning of the prophetic activity of Zechariah at the end of b.c., two months after Haggai began his.
He announces the destruction of these enemies by the judgment of God, and the glory and holiness of the people after their deliverance by the arm of Jehovah, who should thenceforth reign and be glorified in all the earth. It is the complete history of Israel, and of the Gentiles in relationship with Israel, from the captivity to the end, as far as connected with Jerusalem, the restoration of which especially occupies the prophet.
For if the house was the primary object in Haggai, Jerusalem is the central point in Zechariah; although in the course of the prophecy the temple, and still more the Messiah, have the most prominent place in the scene. The date of Zechariah’s prophecy is nearly the same as that of the prophecies of Haggai. There are two in Zechariah, besides that of the introduction; in Haggai, four. The first date in Zechariah is only a month or two before the last two in Haggai, which were given on the same day.
At the date of the second prophecy in Zechariah Zech. The dates of the post-captivity prophets The date of Zechariah’s prophecy is nearly the same as that of the prophecies of Haggai.
Zechariah- Everyman’s Bible Commentary
Tucked away at the end of the Minor Prophets, the Books of Haggai and Zechariah offer messages of challenge and hope to residents of the small district of Yehud in the Persian Empire in the generations after the return from Babylonian exile. In this volume, Robert Foster focuses on the distinct theological message of each book. The Book of Haggai uses Israel’s foundational event – God’s salvation of Israel from Egypt – to exhort the people to finish building the Second Temple.
The Book of Zechariah argues that the hopes the people had in the prophet Zechariah’s days did not come true because the people failed to keep God’s long-standing demand for justice, though hope still lies in the future because of God’s character. Each chapter in this book closes with a substantive reflection of the ethics of the major sections of the Books of Haggai and Zechariah and their implications for contemporary readers.
The issue turns on the date assigned to the “course of Aviyah” and the precise time that Zechariah was in the Temple when he was visited by the angel Gabriel.
General Information The Book of Zechariah, one of the so – called Minor Prophets or shorter books of the Old Testament of the Bible, takes its name from a priest who returned to Jerusalem with the exiles from Babylon. Scholars generally acknowledge, however, that only the first eight chapters of the book, which date from to BC, were written by Zechariah.
These chapters are apocalyptic in character, consisting principally of a series of eight visions devoted to eschatological themes. Chapters 9 to 11 come from the hand of another author, “Second Zechariah” c. Chapters 12 to 14, which continue the message of Second Zechariah, are sometimes regarded as a separate unit labeled “Third Zechariah” and dated c. Book of Zechariah, Zacharias Brief Outline Series of eight symbolic night-visions Prophecies, spoken two years later than the above; exhortations and warnings Judgment and mercy; the coming Day of the Lord Zechariah Advanced Information Zechariah, Jehovah is renowned or remembered.
A prophet of Judah, the eleventh of the twelve minor prophets.